Amazon FBA and the US China Trade War: tariff increases

Tariff Increases Hit Amazon’s Third-Party Sellers Hard

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The U.S.-China trade war has been intensifying throughout the summer and, over Labor Day weekend, a new round of tariff increases took effect on $300 billion worth of Chinese imports.

Amid the standoff, we reached out to our community of Amazon sellers to understand the implications of the trade war firsthand.

Thanks to their feedback, we learned that:

  • 72% of Amazon sellers have seen increased product costs over the last 12 months when importing from China.
  • 77% of sellers have seen increased freight costs.
  • 51% of sellers are already considering sourcing products outside of China.
  • One in four sellers are ready to walk away from their Amazon business due to the increased tariffs.

Based on this information, Amazon sellers are clearly feeling the substantial impact from these tariff increases. And many are wondering if sellers will raise prices for consumers, lay off employees, or fold their businesses altogether — or, if they’ll weather the trade war storm.

But before we break down the survey data, it’s important to understand the current situation. 

How did we get here?

The Trump administration initiated talks about tighter tariffs starting in 2017. Since then, the tariff tug of war has only intensified. 

In 2018:

  • April 2: China imposes tariffs, up to 25%, on certain U.S. imports. 
  • On April 3: The Trump administration announces plans for 25% tariffs on $50 billion of Chinese imports. 
  • April 4: China responds with retaliatory tariffs on U.S. imports. 
  • In June, the U.S. sets an effective date of July 6 for a 25% tariff levied on $34 billion of Chinese imports. It says 25% tariffs will also kick in on an additional $16 billion of goods after a public comment period. China responds in kind with tariffs on $34 billion of U.S. goods.
  • July 10: The U.S. reveals plans to add 10% tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports. 
  • August 1: The U.S. decides to increase the 10% imposed tariffs to 25%.
  • August 7: The U.S. releases the list of $16 billion of Chinese goods to be subject to 25% tariffs. China retaliates with 25% duties on $16 billion of U.S. goods.
  • On August 23: The tariffs start to take effect.
  • September 24: The U.S. implements 10% tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports. The administration says the rate will increase to 25% on Jan. 1, 2019. China answers with duties of its own on $60 billion of U.S. goods.
  • December 1: China and the U.S. agree to a 90-day halt to new tariffs, creating a March 1st deadline to come to an agreement. President Trump later pushes that date back.

In 2019:

  • May 8: The Trump administration gives formal notice of its intent to raise tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports, to 25% from 10%, effective May 10.
  • August 1: After two days of trade talks with little progress and complaints by Trump that China has not followed through on a promise to buy more U.S. farm products, he announces 10% tariffs on $300 billion worth of Chinese imports. That’s in addition to the 25% already levied on $250 billion worth of Chinese goods. Trump says the talks between Washington and Beijing would continue despite the new tariffs, and that the rate could be increased, in stages, above 25%.
  • August 23: China puts tariffs on $75 billion worth of U.S. goods. On the same day, Trump threatens to raise tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese goods, from 25% to 30%. He also threatens to increase tariffs on another $300 billion in products to 15%, from 10%.
  • September 1: A 15% tariff on $300 billion of Chinese goods is now in effect.

SURVEY: Exploring the tariff increases’ impact on Amazon sellers

Jungle Scout, the leading software for Amazon product research, conducted a survey between August 14-26, 2019 among 197 Amazon sellers who source their products from China.

An overwhelming number (72%) of the sellers have already experienced an increase in their costs due to the trade war with China.

product cost survey result

Seventy-two percent have also seen the cost per unit of their product rising. And the average product cost increase for that 72% of sellers was 17%.

However, some sellers reported product cost increases as high as 80%.

As for the products that have seen an increase in costs, sellers reported that they are widely distributed among Amazon’s parent categories.

For that reason, it would be difficult to say that sellers switching to a new product category (in the hopes of easing their financial burden) would be relieved of any monetary pressures.

category tariff breakdown

 

Sellers and suppliers

Now, Amazon’s small business owners must make a choice.

To survive, they’ll need to either raise their prices and pass the cost increase onto shoppers, or they’ll let their profit margin take a hit, instead of their customers.

Yet, some Chinese manufacturers may be willing to share the cost of the tariff increases, as splitting the cost may help suppliers save or maintain their business relationships.

If a Chinese suppliers’ hands are tied, though, sellers may be forced to place smaller orders. Keeping less inventory in Amazon’s warehouses could help small business owners make ends meet. 

But, reducing order size is far from ideal. Smaller orders could end up harming the respected supplier/seller relationship that many have worked hard to build.

Rather than putting a strain on their supplier relationships, sellers could move their manufacturing to a different country to avoid these tariffs entirely.

supplier world map

Sourcing products outside of China

More than half (51%) of survey respondents have already considered sourcing outside of China.

And the majority of those respondents will be keeping their eye on Asia as the most cost-effective territory for manufacturing, with Vietnam and India leading the way as alternate sourcing options.

Of the 51% of sellers already exploring alternative sourcing options, 19% stated that they will look at moving their manufacturing operations to the United States.

While bringing business and jobs to the U.S. aligns with President Trump’s vision for America, for most sellers, manufacturing in the U.S. just isn’t feasible.

Plus, certain product materials may still need to be imported to U.S. suppliers, so the seller would still be hit with the increased tariffs.

Tariff increases: shipping cost survey result

Freight costs increasing?

In addition to product manufacturing costs, we also asked sellers if they expected freight costs to increase.

Surprisingly, 77% said they’ve already seen increased freight forwarding costs when importing from China. These sellers said their average freight forwarding cost increase was 17%, but some sellers reported an increase of as much as 200%.

This tells us that third-party freight service providers are also feeling the pressure from the increased tariffs, and that they might be passing those costs onto sellers.

Tariff increases: sellers leaving amazon

1 in 4 might close up shop

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, we learned that 26% of sellers is willing to walk away from Amazon completely, instead of choosing a new supplier or forcing their customers to carry the extra costs. 

Some sellers will see that as an opportunity to scoop up the departed seller’s customers. 

But, the bigger implication here is that a significant number of sellers are starting to feel there is no other way out. Ultimately, the full impact of the tariff increases on small business owners has yet to be determined.

Is the end of the trade war in sight?

Today, we’re hearing that China doesn’t want the trade war to escalate any further.

This response to Trump’s latest threats–to raise certain tariffs from 10% to 15%, and 25% to 30%–might be China’s move to avoid further conflict. 

And with National Day of the People’s Republic of China coming up in October, and the 2020 U.S. presidential elections approaching, maybe we’ll see these world leaders walking back these tariffs.

Until then, however, the U.S. plans to raise an existing 25% tariff on some Chinese products to 30% on October 1, 2019. And they will add a new round of tariffs to consumer goods, such as electronics (TVs, laptops, cell phones, etc) and apparel, on December 15.

In other words, the trade war continues.

 

 

Want to learn more about the history of this trade war, or how to source outside of China? Check out the following:

Have the tariff increases affected your business too? Then please let us know in the comments. We’d love to hear from you!

 

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2 coments on “Tariff Increases Hit Amazon’s Third-Party Sellers Hard

  1. An interesting post for any one involved with using Amazon FBA. I’m in the process of just starting to watch the JS Academy videos so have yet to invest and money into sourcing or buying products but it makes me feel rather cautious of entering the ring until I know what’s going on with these tariffs? I think there will be uncertain times ahead for a few months but hopefully it doesn’t effect the FBA business too much? In the mean time, I’ll continue to educate myself using the Academy and keep an eye out for any future posts or emails from JS!

    Cheers!

    Rich

    1. Hey Rich,

      Great insights!

      I’ve been an Amazon seller for about 4 years and I’ve read lots of books on startup companies. I can tell you that there’s always going to be curveballs coming your way when you’re an entrepreneur. If you want to read some importing nightmares, read Shoe Dog by Phil Knight. It’s the crazy story behind Nike.

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